# Calculate

Calculate is a Mac OS X widget for evaluating math expressions. Any JavaScript expression can be evaluated, and variables and functions are persistently stored.

## Comments from Calculate users

“I’ve tried a bunch of other calculator widgets but yours blows me away. Clean, simple, very ‘macintosh-esque’. I love it!” — Jay M

“I love the calculate widget! ... I am a math teacher and I have just started using your widget! It is great!” — Ebbe V

“It’s the formula calc widget with the richest functionality I have found.” — Magnus C

“Defintely the nicest widget calculator I’ve used.” — Gabe G

## Arithmetic Operations

### Basic Arithmetic

Operator | Description | Example |
---|---|---|

+ | Addition | 2+2 |

- | Subtraction | 5-3 |

* | Multiplication | 9*6 |

/ | Division | 48/6 |

^ | Exponentiation (power of) | 10^2 |

% | Remainder after division | 7%3 |

! | Factorial | 5! |

= | Assignment | a=2 |

### Bitwise operations

Operator | Description | Example |
---|---|---|

~ | Bitwise NOT | ~0 |

& | Bitwise AND | 2&6 |

| | Bitwise OR | 2|4 |

>< | Bitwise XOR | 2><6 |

<< | Left Shift (padding with zeros) | 20<<1 |

>> | Right shift (copying the sign bit) | -4>>1 |

>>> | Right shift (padding with zeros) | -4>>>1 |

You can enter numbers as hexadecimal, octal or binary. Hexadecimal numbers start with 0x, octal numbers with 0o and binary numbers with 0b. For example: 0b110100 - 0xA.

## Functions

### Basic functions

abs(a) | The absolute value of a |

ceil(a) | Integer closest to a and not less than a |

floor(a) | Integer closest to and not greater than a |

max(a,b) | The maximum of a and b |

min(a,b) | The minimum of a and b |

pow(a,b) | a to the power b |

random() | Pseudorandom number in the range 0 to 1 |

round(a) | Integer closest to a |

sqrt(a) | Square root of a |

### Log functions

exp(a) | Exponent of a |

ln(a) | Log of a base e |

log2(a) | Log of a base 2 |

log10(a) | Log of a base 10 |

### Trig functions

sin(a) | Sine of a |

cos(a) | Cosine of a |

tan(a) | Tangent of a |

csc(a) | Cosecant of a |

sec(a) | Secant of a |

cot(a) | Cotangent of a |

asin(a) | Arc sine of a |

acos(a) | Arc cosine of a |

atan(a) | Arc tangent of a |

atan2(a,b) | Arc tangent of a/b |

acsc(a) | Arc cosecant of a |

asec(a) | Arc secant of a |

acot(a) | Arc cotangent of a |

### Hyperbolic functions

sinh(a) | Hyperbolic sine of a |

cosh(a) | Hyperbolic cosine of a |

tanh(a) | Hyperbolic tangent of a |

csch(a) | Hyperbolic cosecant of a |

sech(a) | Hyperbolic secant of a |

coth(a) | Hyperbolic cotangent of a |

asinh(a) | Hyperbolic arc sine of a |

acosh(a) | Hyperbolic arc cosine of a |

atanh(a) | Hyperbolic arc tangent of a |

acsch(a) | Hyperbolic arc cosecant of a |

asech(a) | Hyperbolic arc secant of a |

acoth(a) | Hyperbolic arc cotangent of a |

### More functions

Copy and paste these functions into Calculate, or write your own custom functions in JavaScript. Custom functions are automatically saved.

avg = function () { var sum = 0; for (var i = 0; i < avg.arguments.length; i++) { sum += arguments[i]; } return sum / arguments.length; }

median = function () { var list = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments); list.sort(function(a, b) { return a - b; } ); var i = Math.floor(list.length / 2); if (list.length % 2) { return list[i]; } else { return (list[i] + list[i - 1]) / 2; } }

sign = function (x) { return x < 0 ? -1 : x > 0 ? 1 : 0; }

toDegrees = function (r) { return r * 180 / pi; }

toRadians = function (d) { return d * pi / 180; }

fibonacci = function (n) { var a = 0; var b = 1; for (var i = 1; i <= n; i++) { var c = a + b; a = b; b = c; } return a; }

nextPOT = function (n) { var x = 1; while (x < n) { x <<= 1; } return x; }

toHex = function (x) { return x.toString(16); }

toBin = function (x) { return x.toString(2); }

toChar = function (i) { return String.fromCharCode(i); }

toUnicode = function (ch) { return ch.charCodeAt(0); }

## More info

You can use hexadecimal, octal and binary numbers. Prefix hexadecimal numbers with 0x, octal numbers with 0o and binary numbers with 0b. For example: 0x7f + 0b10010101.## Get the source

Want to tweak the source code? Visit the project page at GitHub.

## Questions

**Q: Can Calculate automatically convert commas to periods for people using international keyboards?**

A: Calculate needs to work seamlessly with JavaScript to provide functions, and converting commas would cause problems. For example, converting "pow(2,5)" to "pow(2.5)" would break. As a workaround, using the comma on the numeric keypad will insert a period.

## Changes

### Version 1.2.2 (December 17, 2015)

- Use system font on Mac OS X 10.11 El Capitan.

### Version 1.2.1 (October 18, 2014)

- Improvements to display of floating-point precision.
- Updates for Mac OS X 10.10 Yosemite.

### Version 1.2.0 (June 24, 2014)

- Fixed display of floating-point precision. For example, "0.1+0.2" is now displayed as "0.3" instead of "0.30000000000000004".
- The previous answer is now "ans" (instead of "answer").
- Retina support.
- Modern scroll indicator.
- Minor bug fixes.
- Requires Safari 5 or newer and Mac OS X Lion or newer.

### Version 1.1.5 (April 15, 2010)

- Added power operator
**^**. Example: 2^8. If you're a programmer, for xor use**><**instead of**^**. - Added factorial operator
**!**. Example: 5! == 120 - Added binary and octal input. Example: 0b11011 == 0o2840
- Command-C copies the last answer. Make sure nothing is currently selected, and press Command-C to copy last numeric answer to the clipboard.
- Other bug fixes and enhancements.

### Version 1.1.4 (November 25, 2008)

- Widget dimensions now persistent between sessions.
- Object literals can now be used. For example:
`point = { x:0, y:6 }`

### Version 1.1.3 (May 3, 2008)

- Fixed focus bug introduced in version 1.1.2

### Version 1.1.2 (May 1, 2008)

- Numpad: The clear key clears the input area.
- Numpad (International keyboards): the comma on the numpad is inserted as a period.

### Version 1.1.1 (April 2, 2008)

- (Leopard only) Fix for autocompletion when Safari 3.1 is installed.

### Version 1.1.0 (February 22, 2008)

- (Leopard only) Added autocompletion of variables and functions names using the Tab key.
Type the first few letters of a variable name or function name, then press Tab.
For example,
`1/an<TAB>`

autocompletes to`1/answer`

. - Added degree mode.
- Added several new functions (log2, log10, and many trig & hyperbolic functions).
- Added several shortcut keys.

### Version 1.0.1 (October 31, 2007)

- Fixed minor layout issues in Leopard.
- Widget now has a “back” with a “check for new version” link.
- (Leopard only) Support for some Unicode variable names, like π (option-p).

### Version 1.0.0 (April 27, 2007)

- Initial release.